Dynamics of special endurance of athletes aged 13-15 years under the influence of the program of the Cossack duel
Keywords:basic training, national sport, spike motion, evaluation criteria
Background and Study Aim. National sports are gradually spreading around the world and becoming international. One of such sports is the Cossack duel - a national martial art in Ukraine. In addition to the purely sports component, this sport has national traditions of educating healthy youth. The purpose of the study is to identify the impact of the Cossack duel program on the special endurance of athletes aged 13-15 year.
Material and methods. Athletes (n = 6, age - 13-15 years) of the Cossack duel department of the sports school № 6 (Kharkiv, Ukraine) took part in the study. The children's parents agreed to participate in the study. The study was conducted with athletes of the basic training group on the Cossack duel (sports school №6, Kharkiv, Ukraine) for two years. At the beginning, a preliminary test of the level of special endurance of athletes was conducted. In the end, the final testing of the level of special endurance development of young athletes was conducted. SPSS was used to process the test results. The confidence level is 0.05.
Results. It is established that for two years of using the author's program the density of shock actions of athletes has increased significantly. This is manifested in an increase in the number of blows to the bag with his hands and feet (p˂0.001). It was found that the load of maximum intensity during one round caused significant changes in the cardiovascular system. These indicators were almost indistinguishable (0.7%). The process of restoring heart rate has become more advanced. After 60 sec. recovery difference was 13.2%, and after 120 sec. - 16.1%.
Conclusions. One of the main factors in the training of athletes in the Cossack duel is special endurance. Among the effective methods of improving special endurance are interval and interval-circle training methods. To control the development of special endurance of athletes, it is advisable to use a 1.5 - minute test with the performance of shock actions with hands and feet on a punching bag. Criteria for assessing special endurance should be the intensity of the kicks, heart rate. It is necessary to remember the harmonious upbringing of the individual, to apply health-preserving technologies, to pay great attention to the upbringing of young people in the spirit of respect for national traditions.
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