Increasing the level of coordination abilities of young taekwondo athletes aged 13-14 under martial law
Keywords:Ukraine, martial law, Likert scale, taekwondo, coordination, equilibrium, unstable support, balance
Background and Study Aim. Negative changes in the socio-economic environment in the territory of martial law (Ukraine) have a great impact on the ability to continue the training process for athletes. To a lesser extent, this affects experienced world-class athletes who have the opportunity to continue training in other countries. As for young athletes, they are closely connected with their family. This fact reduces the possibility of their preparation. The purpose of the work is to develop the coordination abilities of taekwondo fighters aged 13-14 under martial law
Material and methods. The study involved young taekwondo players from Ukraine (n=8, age - 13-14 years old), compactly living in the same area. A survey was conducted among experienced trainers (n=10), who had the opportunity to answer the questionnaire through electronic means of communication ( similar to the Likert scale.) Parents gave their consent to the participation of their children in the experiment. Participants were given homework in the form of exercises to develop the ability to maintain balance. The participants performed the Romberg test on the left and right leg with visual control, without control and Yarotsky's test. Participants conducted tests during a specially organized ZOOM video conference. This study was conducted by the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of University. All participants were aware during the informed consent process that the results of this study may be published.
Results. According to the coaches, the most important qualities for taekwondo athletes are speed and coordination. Among the coordination abilities trainers note as the most important the following: the sense of rhythm, the sense of time and distance, balance and vestibular stamina. Equilibrium indicators on an unstable support (Romberg test) have undergone significant positive changes (at p˂0.05). Although the Yarotsky test indicators had positive improvements, they did not have significant differences (at p˃0.05).
Conclusions. When declaring martial law, it is recommended to pay special attention to the life safety of participants in the education and training process. It is also recommended to use exercises on an unstable support, which are in the nature of imitation percussion and protective actions. This approach leads to a tangible improvement in the balance of young athletes.
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