Indicators of speed and strength abilities of young fencers 12-13 years old
Keywords:level of development, specific movements, health
Background and Study Aim. The health of a young athlete in the early stages of training is a mandatory element of the training process. This is a guarantee of the integrity of the process of training athletes for the next stage of preliminary basic training. The purpose of the study is to determine the indicators of speed and strength qualities of young fencers 12-13 years old at the stage of initial training.
Material and methods. Fencers (n=13, age – 12-13 years, sports experience – 3 years) took part in the study. The children's parents agreed to participate in the study. The following tests were used: speed of overcoming the distance of 14 meters by fencing steps forward in the on-quard position, seconds; speed of overcoming distance of 14 meters by fencing steps back in the on-quard position, seconds; hits on the target in 10 seconds, the number of times; “Standing Long Jump Test”, cm; "Vertical Jump Test", sm. The computer program Excel was used: the indicators of arithmetic mean and standard deviation were determined. Correlation analysis was performed to identify relationships between the results of athletes' control standards. Statistical reliability was determined by Student's t test.
Results. A sufficient level of development of speed and strength abilities for fencers of this age and qualification has been established. The relationship between the speed and strength of the muscles of the upper and lower extremities in young fencers was observed.
Conclusions. The selected content and load of athletes fully meet the objectives of training. This is emphasized by the steady development of speed and strength abilities of athletes during fencing.
Chacon-Cuberos R, Zurita-Ortega F, Ramirez-Granizo I, Castro-Sanchez M. Physical Activity and Academic Performance in Children and Preadolescents: A Systematic Review. Apunts Educacion Fisica Y Deportes. 2020(139):1–9.
Calvo-Munoz I, Kovacs FM, Roque M, Seco-Calvo J. The association between the weight of schoolbags and low back pain among schoolchildren: A systematic review, meta-analysis and individual patient data meta-analysis. European Journal of Pain. 2020;24(1):91–109.
Krutsevich T, Pangelova N, Trachuk S, Diedukh M. Features of the Reaction of the Cardiorespiratory System of Schoolchildren with Physical Loads on the Tradmile. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology. 2020;9(1):113–121.
Seisenbekov Y, Abishev A, Tastanov A, editors. Morphofunctional evaluation of physical development of school-age children. International Scientific Congress on Applied Sports Sciences (ICASS) - Balkan Scientific Congress on Physical Education, Sports, Health. Sofia: Bulgaria; 2019. P. 15–16;
Svystun JD, Trach VM, Shavel KE, Kukujuk JM. Hygienic aspects of physical education and health of schoolchildren. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports. 2017;21(6):301–307.
Shubert VS. Physical training of fencers. Lviv: LSUPC; 2019. (In Ukrainian).
Driukov V. Physical training of swordsmen at the stage of preliminary basic training. Sportivna nauka Ukraini, 2013;2(53):35–38. (In Ukrainian).
Kriventsova IV, Klimenchenko VG, Ivanov OV, Blizniuk SS. Methods of development of speed and strength qualities in students engaged in fencing. Edinoborstva, 2018; 2(8):42–50. (In Ukrainian).
Bikova OO, Pomeshchikova ІP, Strelnikova YeYa, Lyakhova TP. Changes in speed-power-capacity beach handball players of 14–15 years under the influence of specially selected exercises. Slobozhanskii naukovo-sportyvnyi vіsnyk, 2015; 50.6: 30–4.
Pitin MP. Fundamentals of methods of development of physical qualities. Lviv: LSUPC; 2015. (In Ukrainian). https://dniprorada.gov.ua/upload/files/o_1dfihabfi5ve5rr1nsk1cf61ma71a.pdf
Busol VA. Fencing: training program. [Internet]. Kiev, 2014 [updated 21 Jun 1; cited 2021 Jun 5]. (In Ukrainian). Available from: https://dniprorada.gov.ua/upload/files/o_1dfihabfi5ve5rr1nsk1cf61ma71a.pdf
Chirashnya I. Parents' Guide to Fencing. Academy of Fencing Masters; 2014.
Athletics Ireland. Run jump throw workahops. [Internet]; 2021 [cited 2021 May 25]. Available from: https://www.fingalliansathletics.com/adminbackend/resources/long-jump-rjt-workshop-week-3-2.pdf
Struzik A, Rokita A, WiniarskiS, Popowczak M. Relationships between variables describing vertical jump and sprint time. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 2017;39(1): 177-188.
Poliszczuk T, Poliszczuk D, Da̧browska-Perzyna A, Johne M. Asymmetry of Complex Reaction Time in Female Épée Fencers of Different Sports Classes. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism, 2013;20:25–9.
Norjali R, Mostaert M, Pion J, Lenoir M. Anthropometry, physical performance, and motor coordination of medallist and non-medallist young fencers. Archives of Budo. 2018;14:33–40.
Şahin G, Koç H, Baydemir B, Abanoz H, Coşkun A, Burak Günar B. Analysis of some performance parameters of fencer according to gender and age. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 2019;25,1:27–34.
Petronijević S, Petrović A, Ćopić N, Jovanović S, Gajić I. The influence of maturation оn the speed of the individual hand movements in fencing. Homo Sporticus, 2019; 2:31–6
Turner A, Miller S, Stewart P, Cree J, Ingram R, Dimitriou L, Moody J, Kilduff L. Strength and Conditioning for Fencing. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 2013; 35.1:1–9.
Pavel LP, Pavel AV, Kriventsova I, Potop V, Jurat V. Characteristics of the technical-tactical and physical training of ėpėe fencers aged 8 to 10 years. Discobolul – Physical Education, Sport and Kinetotherapy Journal, 2019; 58.4:80–4.
Turner AN. Physical preparation for fencing: tailoring exercise prescription and training load to the physiological and biomechanical demands of competition. [PhD thesis]. Middlesex University; 2016,
Weichenberger M, Liu Y, Steinacker JM.A Test for Determining Endurance Capacity in Fencers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2012;33(1):48–52. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1284349
Ntai A, Zahou F, Paradisis G, Smirniotou A. Tsolakis C. Anthropometric parameters and leg power performance in fencing. Age, sex and discipline related differences. Science & Sports, 2017; 32.3:135–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2016.06.011
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Olena Nesen et al.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.